On this page, you will find the four stands of the executive summary which have helped to shape this toolkit. Each strand includes an overview of the summary, key findings, recommendations, downloadable resources, and details of the research team.
Strand 1 - Evidence base
Use reliable data sources and evidence bases to identify and understand principal issues that negatively and positively impact on the wellbeing of investigators across UK policing, taking learning to inform future toolkits.
A systematised review of the literature was conducted to identify relevant articles with 16 social science and medical electronic databases individually searched. Relevant but non peer reviewed material was also included from ‘trusted sources’ such as the Police Federation.
Eligibility criteria included the need to:
- contain empirical research on causes of either secondary trauma or PTSD
- relate to police officers within the United Kingdom (UK)
- be peer reviewed or from ‘trusted sources’
- Nature of work is impacting on wellbeing (high levels of responsibility, high-risk roles, exposure to trauma, workload).
- Negative culture and stigma regarding seeking help is impacting on officer wellbeing.
- Lower ranks suffer from poorer wellbeing than higher ranks.
- Mixed results on levels of PTSD, anxiety, depression, and secondary traumatic stress.
- Mixed results on the significance of gender and trauma.
- Mixed results on the impact of tenure in the role.
- The importance of supportive management (link to culture).
- Identification of high-risk roles and adequate support measures (such as psychological screening, counselling provision)
- Use of volunteers for key/high-risk roles.
- The importance of social /peer support.
- There needs to be time for decompression.
- There needs to be adequate debriefing after a traumatic event (or ongoing/regular support in high-risk role).
- The importance of training and development.
- The importance of increasing physical activity.
- Organisational justice’ approaches as a route to improving wellbeing.
- Mindfulness/resilience training.
- End of programme report (pdf) 859 KB
- Appendix A – Academic research (pdf) 671 KB
- Appendix B – Federation and other (pdf) 731 KB
- Det. Supt Jim Foley (MPS)
- Det Con. Karen Stephens (Police Federation)
- T/Det. Chief Supt Elliott Judge (Essex Police)
- Det. Supt Richard McDonagh (MPS)
- Dr Ian Hesketh (College of Policing, SRO for Oscar Kilo, National Police Wellbeing Service)
Strand 2 - High risk roles
Strand 2 were tasked to identify from point of entry on to a detective career pathway, the higher risk roles, ranks and specialisms that may require or benefit from bespoke wellbeing support and identify those factors/tasks that could negatively impact on a persons wellbeing due to the accumulative effect or the whether the matter was a one-off. We also looked at interventions that could assist in improving wellbeing.
The members of this strand attended two virtual workshops. Workshop 1 aimed to identify those roles benefitting from support and the risks factors that would elevate them. Workshop 2 aimed to understand the additional interventions in addition to those offered by force occupational health teams. We had two guest speakers – one from South Wales Police PSD welfare support and Occupational Health Advisor Liz Eades from Oscar Kilo regarding future plans.
- Appendix A lists the roles and people identified as high risk who would benefit from additional support. This document also lists the factors which elevate the risk which include demand, external scrutiny, long term management of risk and lack of mentors.
- It is evident there are a number of national products in existence (such as OK, Red Arc TRiM) but depending on force priorities some roles are already in receipt of annual mandatory debriefs or specific funding requests are made for bespoke support such as PTSD counselling.
- A comprehensive high risk role risk assessment has been developed by colleagues nationally to assist in ensuring consistency when identifying high risk roles and to help forces identify those roles that require additional support.
- A baseline set of minimum standards should be agreed for roles. For example, a POLIT officer anywhere in England and Wales should receive the same support.
- Baseline support should be enshrined in a policy document provided by the College of Policing.
- As APP is reviewed, agreed wellbeing support must be included for example psychological assessment, mandatory counselling.
- Any new wellbeing support provisions should be centrally co-ordinated. We have identified the PSD welfare support as good practice along with the creation of an ACE’s peer support group for officers and staff. Oscar Kilo must be sighted before anything new is agreed as there may be work on-going.
- End of programme report (pdf) 512 KB
- High risk role risk assessment (pdf) 105 KB
(contact us for an excel version of this document)
- Det. Supt Tim Rowlandson (Hampshire)
- DCI Tracey Rankine (South Wales)
- T/DCI Rob Youngman (Avon & Somerset)
- DI Carol Kirk (North Yorkshire)
- DCI Chris Walker (GMP)
- Jo Taylor (College of Policing Investigations Manager)
- DCI Amber Waywell (GMP)
- Tony Cook (NCA)
- DCI Brian Howie (MPS)
- Supt. Jo Doyle (Norfolk)
- DI Clare Baldwin (Suffolk)
- Insp. Neil Collinson (Oscar Kilo National Police Wellbeing Service)